Under the U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI), CDC has assigned a resident advisor to DRC as part of an interagency team with USAID to support the Ministry of Health in implementing malaria prevention and control interventions. These include providing long-lasting insecticide mosquito nets (LLIN), preventing malaria in pregnancy, improving diagnostics, case management, surveillance, and monitoring and evaluation of malaria-related activities, as well as implementing behavioral change communication strategies. Specific examples of CDC technical support have included assistance for LLIN mass distribution campaigns, guidance to the National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) in formulating their surveillance, monitoring and evaluation guidelines for malaria indicators, and assisting the NMCP in updating their national treatment guidelines to include the use of rectal artesunate for the pre-referral treatment of severe malaria cases in primary health facilities and as part of the integrated community case management program.